Climate Change and coral reefs
Climate Change has become perceptible. Its effects can already be noticed around the whole planet. season shifts, increasing temperatures and sea level rising are only some of the more obvious symptoms. However, we do not know yet how far these symptoms will extend and their future consequences. It is expected that these changes would affect our health and economy, and could jeopardize the continuity of many species.
Among these species are corals, marine organisms formed by colonies of small animals called polyps. for its survival, coral polyps need to live in balance with other organisms in specific temperature and depth conditions, and generally in clear water areas. Changes in the aforementioned conditions can break that equilibrium causing polyps decease, making corals one of the most vulnerable species to Climate Change effects.
There are different species of corals in the world, and among them some are capable to build large limestone structures known as coral reefs. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the planet, extending along more than 2,300 kilometers on the east coast of Australia. This system has great ecological importance as it holds a wide variety of marine species, including endangered ones and others that can only be found in this reef.